questions about heart worm are often related to
the species affected by heart worms in addition
to the dogs. One should know that in addition to
dogs, the cat, fox, wolf,
horse, sea lion etc. are also affected. Can this
be cured or not? Yes. This can be treated.
is the drug used often for the prevention of heart
worm in dogs? Ivermectin is the drug used often
to have preventive actions for these heart worms.
Dogs affected reveal constant
coughing, panting and dullness in many occasions.
will be the size of the worms? In the case of the
females, it is about twenty-seven centimeters and
in the case of males, it is about seventeen centimeters
in length. Is there any vector involve in the transmission
of the disease? Yes. Mosquitoes often get associated
as vectors in which the early development of larvae
of heart worms occur in them.
prophylaxis meant only for heart worms or others
also? The prophylaxis is meant not only for the
heart worms but also for the hook worms, whip worms,
and round worms. What is the infective type of larvae
that is associated with the transmission of these
heart worms? The third stage larva that is transmitted
by the mosquito bites.
occurs through out the world. In some areas, the
incidences are less in colder months in which the
mosquito breeding will not be there and may be dormant
during these periods. What is the name of the drug
used for therapy and prevention? Ivermectin and
milbemycin oxime may be used for both purposes.
Ivermectin is available in injection form and oral
the forms for external application are also available.
The cost factor needs to be worked out for all these
treatments. What is the frequency of drug used for
One month before the mosquito season and up to two
months after the mosquito season, ivermectin or
milbemycin oxime may be given once monthly for the
prophylaxis. Diethylcarbamazine may be used for