Vitamin and Mineral Supplements
and mineral supplements are the most important components
in any dog’s feeding. If there is a balance
in the vitamin and mineral supplements, then the
animal will have a healthy life and hence, the immunity
is not compromised in an unwanted way. This simply
means that there the dog will be more disease resistance
against various diseases.
Pet owners should know that vitamins
A, D, E, and K are the fat-soluble vitamins and
others are water-soluble vitamins. Vitamins like
thiamine, pyridoxine and cyanocobalamin are important
for the functions of nervous system. Deficiency
of vitamin A leads to night blindness and skin lesions
and deficiency of vitamin D leads to the softening
and weakening of the bones.
These problems are many a time encountered
by the dog owners. Among these, vitamin A toxicities
may occur if you feed them in excessive amounts,
like vitamin D. Hence, give emphasis on this while
you are using these vitamins in the dogs. Cod liver
oil from selected fishes has more vitamin A in them
and are universally good feed for dogs.
All dogs may not need supplements
of minerals or vitamins to live well for the moment,
but it is important for their future. If they become
sick or aged or very young without proper feeding,
supplementations are required for the upkeep of
health status in them. However, one has to follow
the instructions of veterinarian in this regard.
If the dogs are fed with fish in
frozen conditions, then they may be suffering constantly
from vitamin B1 deficiency and hence, such dogs
need to be given specifically B1. Careless supplementations
of minerals may lead to diseases and hence, veterinarians
always need to be consulted on the supplementation
of minerals or vitamins.
Minerals like calcium, magnesium,
zinc, manganese, iron, copper etc. are given more
emphasis in addition to sodium and potassium. Zinc
is related to skin health and potassium is related
to the muscle health and calcium with phosphorus
is related to the bone health.
However, if you feed the dog with
chicken, mutton or beef along with required vegetables,
artificial supplementation of mineral or vitamin
tablets may be highly reduced but supplements need
to be thought of when you are not able to maintain
a balanced nutrition as this happens with most of
the dogs, due to multifaceted causes.